Jack Lu, PhD, CFA, CIPP/US

Jack is the Founding Partner & Chief Economist of IPMAP. An economist and financial analyst with an engineering background, he specializes in royalty determination and damage analysis for litigation in intellectual property including patents and trade secrets. Equipped with a CIPP/US certificate, Jack also provides economic and financial consulting in Article III standing, class certification, and damage/settlement estimate for litigation and regulatory procedures involving data loss, privacy breach, and security incident. He is a veteran financial analyst and valuation expert, and has extensive experience in valuing patents, trade secrets, data assets, data-intensive platforms/companies, and other intangible assets for licensing, transaction, financing (VC & PE), M&A, equity investment, and distressed assets investment. Jack’s research and consulting services deliver valuation reports, pre-transaction studies, fairness opinions, market & competition analysis, pre-litigation & pre-assertion assessments, settlement & mediation packages, damage contentions, and damage expert reports.

Currently, Jack serves as the Sr. VP for Economic Analysis & Survey of the Licensing Executives Society (LES USA Canada).

Jack is also an active researcher and publisher. His studies in intellectual property, patent markets, financial markets and other economic issues have been published by the Council on Foreign Relations, Cambridge University Press, Business Economics, IAM Magazine, Licensing Economics Review, and Les Nouvelles, the Journal of LES International. He was an expert speaker at IP forums organized by Duke Law School, LES, London IP Summit, Patent Masters Symposium, and other entities, and his comments have appeared in CFA Magazine, IAM Online, IPWatchdog, Licensing Economics Review, and LES Insight. He co-authored the High Tech Royalty Survey Reports for three consecutive Surveys in 2011(the inaugural), 2014 and 2017, penning the chapters on economic and financial analysis. His most recent research can be found at his SSRN author page.

After receiving his B.E. in electrical engineering and M.Ph. in technology management, Jack studied economic policy and received his PhD from the University of Texas at Austin. He is a Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) charter holder and a member of the CFA Institute, LES USA Canada, and International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP).

Keiko Hikino, MBA

Keiko Hikino, MBA, joined IPMAP as a Senior Director in 2017. Keiko has 20 years of experience in economic and financial analysis for litigation consulting and economic research projects. Her extensive experience involves evaluation and quantification of economic damages, including, but not limited to, intellectual property disputes, antitrust violations, and breach of contract. She has also undertaken damages contention, settlement and mediation analysis, pre-litigation consulting and non-litigation projects such as corporate strategy consulting for Fortune Global 500 companies.

Patent infringement damages is her primary expertise with engagement in more than 60 cases, and she has experiences in lost profits analysis, reasonable royalty analysis, royalty base analysis, econometric demand analysis, FRAND analysis for standard essential patents, and pre-judgment interest calculations. She manages cases, drafts reports, and assists client attorneys from the discovery phase through trial. The fields of the patented inventions she has been involved include: semiconductor, computer hardware and peripherals, computer software, telecommunication equipment, mobile telecommunication standards, wireless technologies, consumer electronics, online retail, social networking, financial services, medical supplies, chemical, among others.

Prior to her litigation consulting career, Keiko worked as a research analyst at American Express, and also translated patent applications for a Japanese patent prosecution firm. Keiko received MBA from The University of Texas at Austin, and BA in Political Science from Keio University in Tokyo, and is fluent in both English and Japanese.


Stephen Magee, PhD

Dr. Stephen P. Magee, the President of Magee and Magee, advises IPMAP on complicated economic and financial issues such as IP economics, antitrust, asset pricing, and econometrics. He is currently the James L. Bayless/Enstar Corporation Professor of Finance and Economics and former chairman of the Department of Finance at the University of Texas at Austin. He holds a PhD in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Dr. Magee’s current research interests include the economics of intellectual property and industrial organization, the calculation of royalty rates and patent infringement damages; cross-national economic effects of legal systems and lawyers; the economics of mergers; the supply effects on physicians of state medical malpractice reforms; and international trade. Dr. Magee teaches courses in managerial microeconomics and global finance, covering topics including antitrust, intellectual property, company and security valuation, and the cost of capital. Dr. Magee has published nearly 80 academic articles and three books. He has won three major teaching awards and the top career research award at the Graduate School of Business at the University of Texas.

Dr. Magee has worked on the White House staff and has advised four administrations (Johnson, Nixon, Ford, and George R. W. Bush). In 2003, he presented an academic paper before 1000 international economists at a conference in Havana, Cuba that was attended by Fidel Castro. The paper was on intellectual property and the effect of the informational revolution on economic development. Dr. Magee then met with Fidel Castro for over an hour. One of Dr. Magee’s books (Black Hole Tariffs) was endorsed on the cover by two Nobel laureates in economics (Stigler and Buchanan) and the chairman at the time of the Nobel committee for economics (Assar Lindbeck).

Dr. Magee has extensive experience as an expert witness for leading companies in the software, computing, e-commerce, internet search, consumer products, healthcare, petroleum and petrochemical industries. Dr. Magee has served on the National Science Foundation Committee for Economics and the Secretary of Commerce’s Economic Advisory Board. Dr. Magee has served on the editorial boards of six academic journals: the Review of International Economics, Journal of Economic Integration, Journal of International Economics, the Review of Economics and Statistics, Economics and Politics and the International Trade Journal; he has also served as a member of the Brookings Panel on Economic Activity.

More information about Professor Magee can be found here and here.

Erich Spangenberg

Mr. Erich Spangenberg advises IPMAP on business development, transaction structuring, financing, and investment in IP asset management. Erich is currently the Managing Director of Marathon Advisors S.a.r.l., and also serves as the Chairman of Yuzhi IP Advisors, a patent asset management firm specializing in China and Asian markets. He is the founder and former CEO of IP Navigation Group (IPNav), and the founder and former CEO of nXn Partners (predictive analytics). Mr. Spangenberg was previously a partner at the law firm, Jones Day, an investment banking executive at Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette, an executive at a telecommunications company, and a distressed asset manager.

Erich has received numerous industry and trade recognitions. In 2015 (and in previous years), Intellectual Asset Management (IAM) magazine named Erich as #2 of the top 40 IP “market makers” whose “connections, decisions and actions drive the ever-expanding global IP marketplace.” In 2015 (and in previous years), Managing Intellectual Property listed Erich as one of “The 50 People Shaping the Future of IP.” He has received numerous other industry and trade recognitions.

Erich earned his BA from Skidmore College (Periclean graduate), M.Sc. from The London School of Economics (Distinguished graduate), and JD from Case Western Reserve University (Law Review).

Read industry articles and other news coverages about Erich here and here.